Opting to pet a fish seems to be an easy hobby. As you go through the ways of taking care of fish, you later learn that several factors should be considered for your fish to survive.
If you’re looking forward to taking care of more than just a goldfish and level up as an aquarist, a betta fish is another type that you can get your hands into. These fish come in different colors and display different majestic fins. So, what kind of water do betta fish need? Here is everything you need to know about betta fish and how to properly take care of them.
Origins of betta fish
Betta fish, as it is most commonly called, is originally named the Siamese fighting fish. These types of fish were first seen to swim in the Southeast Asian waters. Other names attached to the Siamese fighting fish are “the Jewel of the Orient” in Thailand or “plakad”. It has derived its name from its characteristic of being able to survive in the harshest environments.
Apart from being able to survive in different environments, betta fish are better taken care alone instead of being put together in the same tank as they are likely to compete with and attack each other.
Betta fish were first found swimming in plantation fields, typically living in muddy waters. They can adapt to sudden drop or rise in temperatures, and even see through drought and floods. Its physical composition makes the fish able to breathe even out of water if they are kept moist, and survive in waters with minimal oxygen. Thus, they are also labeled as labyrinth fish.
With the kind of harsh environment they can endure, what kind of water do betta fish need if you are going to contain them in an aquarium with stabilized conditions?
What Kind of Water Do Betta Fish Need?
Taking care of a Siamese fighting fish is easy so long as you know what kind of water do betta fish need. Preferably, they should be placed in warm waters with a pH level of 6.5 to 7, slightly acidic compared to pH levels required for other fish.
- Temperature is a vital point in determining what kind of water betta fish need. It is advisable to acquire a heater for the aquarium as it is recommended for betta fish to live in warm waters with temperatures ranging from 24°C to 27°C. Exposing them to lower temperatures can cause them sickness.
- Sponge filters are more recommended. These are gentler on the fins of betta fish instead of the usual filter that can cause strong currents in the aquarium. Chlorine is also not necessary for betta fish.
- Apart from the water’s condition, consider the environment as well if you’re planning to take care of a betta fish. These fish are better taken care of separately, as their personality tend to fight off and eat their fellow betta fish or other fish they come across with. They are highly territorial. If you’re planning to put another fish with him/her in the aquarium, it is best to pick a fish with the same size as the betta fish or bigger. For help, read our post Best and Worst Betta Fish Tank Mates.
- Space is another thing to consider if you wish to pet a betta fish. Typically, betta fish can thrive in shallow waters, but he/she needs a wider space to move around. This is the kind of environment he/she lives in when out in the rice fields. In setting up your aquarium, it is best to get a five-gallon aquarium in nursing your Siamese fighting fish. It is advisable to put betta fish in deep tanks as they tend to jump off the aquarium. Although they can breathe shortly after being out of the water, it would be devastating to see your fish gasping for air and trying to figure out if they can still survive when taken back into the water.
- Avoid artificial decorations in the aquarium. Rocks and other hard plastics can tear the fins of betta fish. Real plants are a better substitute for decoration as they also help regulate oxygen in the tank and aren’t hard enough to damage the fins.
- Betta fish are not hard to be fed as well. They are carnivores and feed on worms, shrimps, and insects. However, you can also opt to feed them flakes or pellets as these are a combination of all other meat they eat and are incorporated with vitamins as well.
Betta fish are a good option if you wish to become an aquarist. Aside from being low maintenance, these fish come in a variety of colors and tail shapes. Their various colors are also a result of selective breeding.
Also, unlike other animals, male betta fish are bigger in size compared to female bettas. The male bettas are also play the maternity role as they drive the female bettas away and guard the eggs during fertilization.
Want to know if your betta fish is cool with your tank? Start looking for bubble nests. These are bubbles betta fish produce that surface in the water. They are produced either for mating, protection of eggs, or simply your betta fish is enjoying the environment you set up for them.
Despite its beauty, betta fish are most adaptable to harsh environments. This characteristic makes them easy to take care of. The main point in taking care of them is by determining what kind of water do betta fish need to survive. The average lifespan of a betta fish is three years, but with proper care they can live for as long as ten years. If you know what kind of water betta fish need, you and your betta pet will surely have a good time together.
I’m Toby Sanders with more than 15 years of experience in aquarium sector, I’m totally passionate about creating Aquarist Guide blogspot. I enjoy sharing all of my knowledge to help you guys effectively build your own tank. I believe that when you find the easiest way to raise your lovely fish successfully throughout my blog, you will definitely fall in love with fish keeping more than a popular hobby.
Additional Betta Fish Resources
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Dealing With Betta Fish Velvet
Betta Fish Anatomy